Kostelní dvojčata

MOJE HISTORIE: Byly, nebyly, dva stejný kostely. Opravdu stály v Rapotíně a v Petrově kousek od sebe?
Stará pověst vypráví, že na losinském zámku žily dvě sestry – dvojčata. To, co měla jedna, musela mít i druhá. Když se do jedné z nich zamiloval krásný rytíř, který bohužel nedisponoval dvojčetem, dosáhla jejich žárlivost takové míry, že se nesnesly ani v neděli na mši. A tak si každá nechala postavit svůj vlastní kostel. Ty kostely stály vedle sebe a byly si navlas podobné. Proto se jim říkalo Schwesterkirchen.
 
Potud pověst. Pravda je taková, že na začátku šestnáctého století byly opravdu jen dvěstě kroků od sebe postaveny dva stejné kostely. Jeden stál v Rapotíně (přesně tam, kde stojí dnešní kostel), druhý v Petrově. Vysvětlení, proč byly oba stejné, se nabízí. Místní farnosti byly chudé (oba kostely byly ještě na začátku 19.století zadluženy),  a tak se domluvily na sdílení stavebních plánů, možná i spojily sily při stavbě. Tomu by napovídala i nepotvrzená informace, že oba kostely se začaly stavět v roce 1511 a dostaveny byly v roce 1519.
 
Na začátku sloužil jeden kostel farnosti rapotínské, druhý pak farnosti petrovsko-vikýřovické. Za třicetileté války se však krajem prohnalo několik vojenských tažení, bída, hlad a válečné běsnění způsobily velký úbytek obyvatel. Farnosti se sloučily. Rapotínský kostel pak byl kostelem farním, petrovský „dceřinným“. Mše se pak střídaly podle pravidla, kdy dvakrát se sloužila mše v Rapotíně, jednou v Petrově. Při významných svátcích měl ale přednost Rapotín.
 
S rozkvětem Šumperka – „malé Vídně“ v osmnáctém a devatenáctém století se začaly rozrůstat i obce v údolí Desné. Schwesterkirchen přestaly stačit. V roce 1869 byl rapotínský kostel stržen, na jeho místě byl pak 21.června 1874 slavnostně otevřen Kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie, jenž zde stojí dodnes.
 
Petrovský kostel potkal horší osud. V roce 1904, na svátek svaté Anny do něj udeřil blesk a kromě obvodových zdí zcela vyhořel.
 
Kostelní dvojčata však ještě promluvila do divadelní historie Šumperka.
 
Na přelomu 19. a 20.století žila v Šumperku Marie Knittschke. Byla to „dáma, srdcem oddaná myšlence vlastenecké“, jak by o ní řekl F.L.Věk, kdyby mu nevadilo, že ta vlastenecká myšlenka byla německá. Marie Knittschke psala a vydávala knihy, zakládala spolky, zvala divadelní společnosti z Brna i Vídně, byla prezidentkou dámského pěveckého sboru. Vedla čilou korespondenci s významnými osobnostmi, kterou pak předčítala na večerech, jež organizovala ve svém salónu. V něm se scházela veškerá tehdejší honorace města s místními umělci. Občas se zastavil i lichtenštejnský kníže, jenž tehdy prodléval na losinském zámku. Marie byla prostě duší šumperského kulturního a společenského života.
 
Kromě poezie a próz napsala Marie Knittschke i dvě divadelní hry, jež také s herci z řad místních měšťanů nastudovala a uvedla. První se jmenovala „Alt-Schönberg“ a byla o čarodějnických procesech. Druhá se jmenovala „Schwesterkirchen“ a ve čtyřech dějstvích s jednou předehrou zpracovávala právě onu pověst o dvou sestrách z losinského zámku. Obě hry zaznamenaly velký úspěch, premiéra „Schwesterkirchen“ se musela udělat v březnu 1911 nadvakrát. Zisk z představení byl použit k vydání divadelních her tiskem.
 

Předtím i dlouho potom do Šumperka zajížděly jen hostující soubory, profesionální scéna v Šumperku začala fungovat až za okupace. Provedení her Marie Knitschke lze tak považovat za první nesmělé pokusy Šumperáků vstoupit na jeviště místního divadla. 

 

Radek Auer

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